It is widely recognised that corruption is one of the major obstacles to poverty reduction and development. In Bangladesh, issues around corruption are central to everyday discussions and concerns of general people, and occupy much of the spaces in mass media. National policies and strategic papers have emphasised on establishing good governance, enforcing law, and creating a people friendly and pro-poor administrative system in order for effective prevention of corruption.
Corruption can occur at various levels of national and socio-economic activities. Corruption occurs in the form of illegal transactions of large sums of money by abuse of power through the network of the influential people at policy level with the involvement of politics, administration and private sector. This network of corruption negatively affects country’s socio-economic aspects both at micro and macro levels. This type of corruption is usually called grand corruption. On the other hand, the service recipients in various sectors become victims of different types of corruption and irregularities when they receive legitimate services from different service provisions. For example, payment of small amount of money in addition to official fee to get a service is a common form of corruption at this level. This type of corruption is known as petty corruption that impacts everyday life of millions of common citizens. The present survey has captured people’s experience of such corruption. It is to be noted that despite its small nature, this sort of petty corruption highly detrimental to human development of common people and establishing governance in service sectors.
Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB) has been conducting the national survey in service sectors since 1997 to identify nature and extent of corruption in service sectors. So far, eight such surveys have been conducted in a regular interval of two to three years. This is the eighth survey in this series. This survey has captured corruption households experienced during getting services from service sectors from January to December 2017.
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