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Executive Summary National Household Survey 2012

Executive Summary

National Household Survey 2012

It is widely recognized that corruption and its negative impacts are a major obstacle to poverty reduction and development in Bangladesh. Corruption occupies a central place in public discourse as a matter of concern of general people, and occupies a prominent space in mass media. At the same time, corruption receives huge importance in political discourse, as manifested during the 2008 general elections. It may be recalled that during the elections to the 9th Parliament in December 2008 one of the top priorities of the election manifestos of the major political parties, particularly the leading party of the present ruling coalition, and the main opposition party, was a firm commitment to control corruption effectively.

Corruption can occur at various levels of national and socio-economic activities. Corruption occurs in the form of illegal transactions of large sums of money by abuse of power at the high level involving people in positions of power in politics, administration and business, often through collusion, omission or connivance. This network of corruption negatively affects country’s socio-economic aspects both at macro and micro levels. This type of corruption is usually called grand corruption.

On the other hand the service recipients in various sectors become victims of different types of corruption and irregularities in receiving their legitimate services from service providers. For example, payment of small amount of money in addition to official charges to get services is a common form of corruption at this level. This type of corruption is known as petty corruption impacting everyday life of millions of common citizens. The present survey is intended to capture people’s experience of such corruption in receiving services from various service sectors.

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