Development and Democracy: Primacy of Inclusiveness and Accountability
-Syed Manzoorul Islam
The end of western colonial rule in different parts of the world saw the emergence of many new countries, some with new names and territorial maps. Many of these countries opted for democracy as their governing principle, although some—particularly in Africa—persisted with the tradition of authoritarian rule, which was an unfortunate legacy of colonialism. India adopted a democratic constitution, and has, to this day, continued to practice parliamentary system of government. Pakistan too, took the path to democracy, but after a shaky few years, gave in to military rule. Bangladesh, as a part of Pakistan garnered some early democratic dividends which were reflected in the victory of United Front, a coalition of political parties from East Bengal in the 1954 election. And, in spite of the authoritarian rule that continued until 1969- when a popular movement ousted the military ruler Ayub Khan from power-- the Bengalees never gave up on the ideals of democracy.