The Mayur River, bordering the northwestern boundary of Khulna City Corporation passes through the urban and peri-urban areas of Khulna City. The Mayur and its connected canals have been degrading due to illegal encroachment, and pollutants discharged by the city people which decreases the capacity of the rivers and canals to carry out the surface runoff. As a result, Khulna City suffers from water logging even with minimum rainfall. Over onethird of 1.5 million city dwellers (The Financial Express, 2013) are directly exposed to the water logging problem affecting their normal life and economic activities. About 80 percent of the roads of the city go under knee to waist-deep water when there is moderate to heavy rainfall (The Daily Star, 2011).
On the northbound of KCC there is a vast water body called Beel Pabla from which the River Mayur is originated. It is locally known as the Khuder Khal at the point of origin. From Rayer Mahal or Hamidnagar sluice gate it is known as Mayur. It has run through Chalk Mathurabad and Choto Boyra and has met the Rupsha River at Alutola. The river is about 11.69 km long and varies by width widely at different chains (Akber, Dilip, & Khan, nd). A branch of the Mayur near Alutola is also called Hatia River which is now almost dead. This river is important from numerous points of views: freshwater reservoir, transport, irrigation water, fishing ground and the city’s main wastewater route. The Mayur also plays an important role in contributing to ground water table (Abdullah-Al-Masud, Ahmed, Datta, & Khan, nd). In the past, different initiatives were undertaken by the different agencies especially KDA, KCC, KWASA for evicting the encroachments in the river and canal areas. Most of the initiatives were went in vain finally. A fact finding study is conducted by the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, KUET for knowing the situation of illegal encroachment for different time periods of Mayur River and its connecting canals with the help of BAWIN (Bangladesh Water Integrity Network which is coordinated by Transparency International Bangladesh. BAWIN steers and oversees this study, keeping a close contact with the Committee of Concerned Citizens (CCC) and Youth Engagement and Support (YES), Khulna. CCCs and YES groups are created in 45 different districts and sub-districts in 7 divisions of Bangladesh to undertake various local level campaign programs against corruption and to promote integrity in selected sectors and institutions.